Eczema is often an extremely itchy skin condition. When the rash is scratched, the skin becomes inflamed (puffy) and red. Eczema can affect both adults and children, however, the majority of sufferers are children who outgrow it by their tenth birthday. Some people may continue to have symptoms periodically throughout their lifetimes. In some cases, the itching may begin before a rash manifests. When the rash does occur, it normally appears on the back of the knees, hands, face or feet.

The most common form of eczema is known as atopic dermatitis. It is a long-term (chronic) skin disorder that is the result of an allergic reaction and affects roughly 15-20% of children of school going age globally, with only 2 to 10% of adults being affected. For this reason, the information that follows in the various sections of this article (listed in the navigation menu above) will pay specific attention to this type of eczema.

The term ‘atopic’ when referring to atopic dermatitis describes a tendency to develop dermatitis (i.e. the skin being swollen, red and itchy) as part of an allergic hypersensitivity reaction. The condition often co-exists with two other allergic conditions, namely asthma and hay fever (also known as allergic rhinitis) or may lead to the development of these later in life in a progression that is known as the 'atopic march'. Approximately 60% of people suffering from eczema demonstrate atopy (a genetic tendency to develop allergic conditions such as asthma or hay fever). Atopic dermatitis generally begins during infancy3 (between the ages of three to six months4) and may continue into childhood. It is characterised by dry, flaky and red patches of inflamed skin on the neck, face and groin. The condition tends to appear in the form of flare-ups which are often followed by periods of healing and remission (disappearance of the signs and symptoms). Remission can last for a few weeks, months and even years.

A number of children outgrow this form of eczema, yet some may still suffer flare-ups into adulthood, although symptoms will usually be less severe. For those who do not outgrow eczema in early childhood, the associated rash will often change as they age. During childhood and adolescence, an atopic dermatitis rash is predominantly seen in the folds of the affected person’s skin. When reaching adulthood, the rash is usually limited to just one part of the body, for example just the hands or feet.

Atopic dermatitis is not contagious and while the condition can sometimes disappear for a time on its own, there are a number of treatment options available to ease the bothersome symptoms of this disorder.

Cold plasma tecnology developed in easy to use portable device has shown as a successful treatment for home care. Shown results are achieived after 3 - 4 weeks of morning and evening use, no longer than 10minutes.

References: 1.NCBI. 2013. Do children really outgrow their eczema, or is there more than one eczema? Available: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4349386/ [Accessed 20.10.2017] 2.NCBI. 2006. Eczema (atopic). Available: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2907628/ [Accessed 09.10.2017] 3. Harvard Medical School. 2015. Atopic dermatitis and eczema. Available: https://www.health.harvard.edu/skin-and-hair/atopic-dermatitis-and-eczema-overview [Accessed 06.10.2017] 4. UR Medicine. Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis). Available: https://www.urmc.rochester.edu/childrens-hospital/allergy/eczema-atopic-dermatitis.aspx [Accessed 06.10.2017]

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